I'll be telling at a memorial service and wanted to share one of the stories I find particularly useful when the subject is death. There are various versions with some having major changes, but the most frequently published version is here. (It let me find a copy that reproduced well.) Coyote is a trickster character who often manages to seem like the cartoon character in his foolishness. We miss something if that's all we see. His role in Native American folklore, whether foolish or even by other viewpoints downright immoral, still often manages to create good or, as in this case, set standards by which the world lives. Another name for those standards is a "pourquois" tale because it explains "why" something came to be the way it is. Like many tricksters, he also is often a great example of "what not to do." Today he's in the position of setting in motion the way the world lives . . . and dies.
The most commonly presented version was collected by a Bureau of Indian Affairs doctor, George Benson Kuykendall, back in the 19th century when "ethnology" led many to collect Native American folklore. Today some would say this is yet another way white Europeans took what wasn't theirs. Trickster that he is, I bet Coyote laughs at that. This story comes from Fort Simcoe on the Yakima Indian Reservation in the Northwestern area where yet another trickster, Raven, is said to have spilled out a deluge of languages upon the first people there. Many of those languages have gone extinct and others are working to preserve any remaining languages and culture. Yes, much of that would still be around if there hadn't been efforts by many to eliminate it in the Indian Schools. Not everyone wanted to do that and it's why I believe we should respect the ethnologists and thank them at least for saving what they did. Kuykendall didn't write the story, merely record it, but I believe it fairly fits public domain by virtue of when he collected it. I'm not a lawyer, haven't even played one onstage yet, but hope this is acceptable to reproduce as it certainly matches the aims of Public Domain (see my standard closing below for whenever I reproduce something in my "Keeping the Public in Public Domain" segments).
Coyote and Eagle in the Land of the Dead
(often listed as being Yakima because of where it was collected, but the Wishram people are probably its source)
On this sad anniversary many would probably wish otherwise, but the lesson most often gained from this story is that our bodies have their limits and this is how death releases us from pain. It's hard for those who remain behind, which brings up yet another tale that the living stand on the shore while our loved ones get into the boat across to the Land of the Dead. We stand and wave goodbye, while over there those who have already gone there are waving in greeting.
********Here's my new closing for days when I have a story in Keeping the Public in Public Domain.
This is part of a series of postings of stories under the category, "Keeping the Public in Public Domain." The idea behind Public Domain was to preserve our cultural heritage after the authors and their immediate heirs were compensated. I feel strongly current copyright law delays this intent on works of the 20th century. My own library of folklore includes so many books within the Public Domain I decided to share stories from them. I hope you enjoy discovering new stories.
At the same time, my own involvement in storytelling regularly creates projects requiring research as part of my sharing stories with an audience. Whenever that research needs to be shown here, the publishing of Public Domain stories will not occur that week. This is a return to my regular posting of a research project here. (Don't worry, this isn't dry research, my research is always geared towards future storytelling to an audience.) Response has convinced me that "Keeping the Public in Public Domain" should continue along with my other postings as often as I can manage it.
Other Public Domain story resources I recommend -
- There are many online resources for Public Domain stories, maybe none for folklore is as ambitious as fellow storyteller, Yoel Perez's database, Yashpeh, the International Folktales Collection. I have long recommended it and continue to do so. He has loaded Stith Thompson's Motif Index into his server as a database so you can search the whole 6 volumes for whatever word or expression you like by pressing one key. http://folkmasa.org/motiv/motif.htm
- You may have noticed I'm no longer certain Dr. Perez has the largest database, although his offering the Motif Index certainly qualifies for those of us seeking specific types of stories. There's another site, FairyTalez claiming to be the largest, with "over 2000 fairy tales, folktales, and fables" and they are "fully optimized for phones, tablets, and PCs", free and presented without ads.
- The email list for storytellers, Storytell, discussed Online Story Sources and came up with these additional suggestions:
- David K. Brown - http://people.ucalgary.ca/~dkbrown/stories.html
- Karen Chace - http://karenchace.blogspot.com/search?q=public+domain
- Richard Martin - http://www.tellatale.eu/tales_page.html
- Spirit of Trees - http://spiritoftrees.org/featured-folktales
- Story-Lovers - http://www.story-lovers.com/
- Tim Sheppard - http://www.timsheppard.co.uk/story/storylinks.html
This reminds me, you're going to find many of the links on these sites have gone down, BUT go to the Internet Archive Wayback Machine to find some of these old links. Tim's site is so huge, probably updating it would be a full-time job. In the case of Story-Lovers, it's great that Jackie Baldwin set it up to stay online after she could no longer maintain it. For an example of using the "Wayback Machine", list member, Papa Joe is on both Time Sheppard's site and Story-Lovers, but he no longer maintains his old Papa Joe's Traveling Storytelling Show website and his Library (something you want to see!) is gone, but you can still see it. I put in his site's address, then chose 2006 since it was a later year and clicked until I reached the Library at http://www.pjtss.net/library/.